Monday, 15 June 2020 00:00

How Do Achilles Tendon Injuries Occur?

The pain that is experienced by patients who have endured an Achilles tendon injury can be debilitating. It can occur as a result of participating in running and jumping activities, or from not warming up before beginning a run. The Achilles tendon is defined as a portion of tissue that is located in the back of the leg. The function is to connect the heel to the calf muscles. It is responsible for the ability to point and flex the toes. If this tendon becomes injured or torn, it may lead to a condition that is known as Achilles tendonitis. Existing medical conditions can contribute to the onset of an Achilles tendon injury. These can include arthritis, structural foot abnormalities, in addition to being overweight. The symptoms that are often associated with this type of injury can consist of swelling, heel pain, and it is generally difficult to walk. If you have injured your Achilles tendon, it is suggested that you speak to a podiatrist who can determine the severity of your injury, and offer you the best treatment options.

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. Mark Davison of Active Foot Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What Are the Symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

  • Inflammation
  • Dull to severe pain
  • Increased blood flow to the tendon
  • Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

  • Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
  • Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

  • Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
  • Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in State College and Philipsburg, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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